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Garden of roses – Part II

Posted by Angelica on August - 2 - 2011

Tips for growing & caring for your rose plant

Quote of the day
“We are all dreaming of some magical rose garden over the horizon-instead of enjoying the roses blooming outside our windows today.”

So you’ve contemplated that the rose plant in the nursery looked remarkably beautiful and decided to get one for your backyard. What next?

If you’ve always wanted to wake up to a balcony of roses in the morning, here’s an article of a step-by-step guide on how to grow & care for your rose plant. Rose plants are like babies. It would take a special person to grow this special flower.

 

Beautifull white rose in a pot

 

Planting the Roses

Before choosing a spot to place your rose, make sure sunlight is readily available as the rose plant would need good sun exposure. If you plan to re-plant the rose tree from a poly-bag to the ground or bigger pot, soak it in a pail of water for about 2-8hours to soften the soil.

General rule of rose plants are that they have large roots & it’s essential to provide a deep pot/ hole for root growth. Soil is encouraged to be added with organic matters/ black soil to get a texture which will be easy water absorption. Roses need lots of water & ventilation, and proper fertilization.

Fertilization starts 2-3 months upon planting. Roses will bloom better if you use NPK (Nitrogen, Phosphorous, and Potassium) ratios of about 1:2:1 that is more Phosphorous than nitrogen or potassium. Too much Nitrogen will lead to the plant preferring leaf growth to flower growth. A good rule for fertilization is bi-weekly/ once every 2 weeks for optimal results. Bear in mind that too much fertilization can kill any plant.

You could use mulch such as shredded wood, stones, coconut husk, sawdust, or hay. Mulching is essential for the plant to prevent water loss, discourage weed growth & avoid soil erosion. It also adds beauty to the garden.

 

Planting the rose

Watering Roses

For tropical hot weather where the temperature is around 30° Celsius, it’s essential to water your rose plants every day.

If it rains, heavily, you can skip watering for the day. On a day that rains less, it’s good if you just mist the leaves & flowers. If the sun shines hotter than usual, you might want to water it twice a day i.e. morning & evening.

If your rose plant has mulch, you would not need to water it too much as the mulch will retain the plants hydration for a longer time. Roses in pots will generally need more watering than those on the ground. It is not advisable to keep a plant at the bottom of the pot to retain water as the water on the dish can cause rotting of the roots. Try avoiding watering into the blooms as the water would remain stagnant in the flower buds and cause it to rot.

Use judgment when watering plants, hotter weather would need more water and colder weather less. Too much water will cause rotting of roots, & too less will cause infertility & dry out the plant.

 

Pruning for Rose Plants

The rose plants need pruning done as soon as the first batch of blooming comes to an end. The benefits of pruning includes promoting growth & bloom, to enhance light & air absorption, to remove dead or damaged stems, & shaping the plant.You would need to cut all branches and leave only about 6-10 healthy branches. You would need gloves to protect your hands from the thorns, a good quality bypass pruner. The right place to cut is above the bud.

Pruning Rose StemRose Stem


Step-by-step pruning

  1. De-weed the rose plants with your hand by removing unwanted grass or leaves 

  2. Start by removing dead/ unhealthy stems& 

  3. Cut off thin stems that seem like crowding the tree 

  4. Prune more in the centre to increase air & light ventilation 

  5. Cut surface should be white. If brownish, re-cut until white surface is reached 

  6. Make all cuts above a leaf bud that points towards the outside of the plant 

  7. Remove any branches that grow at the bottom as this would cause the plant to sag 

  8. Keep only healthy branches with dark green leave

 

Treating Common Rose Problems

Here are the most common diseases that will hit your rose plants and treatment methods

  1. Powdery Mildew/Black Spots/Rust – It’s a fungal problem which occurs during dry & humid season. It has distinctive symptoms of white spots on leaves and stems. Left untreated, the leaves will start dropping and soon cause the plant to die off. Early treatment is best.

    Treatment: To reduce this problem, water the plants (best during mornings) on the soil & less onto the leaves, to avoid residue build up or moisture retain. Air circulation & sanitation is important to prevent this problem and this can be attained by frequent pruning and cleaning up of leaves. Try spraying mixture of 1 tsp baking soda, ½ tsp oil, & 1 litre of water to treat and stop this problem. Another treatment solution involves dusting sulfur on the leaves affected as this would help to prevent spread. You could also use chemical fungicides (at a controlled level) to exterminate this fungal diseases.

     

    Rose LeafRoes LeafsGreen Rose Leaf

     

  2. Rose Mosaic – Is a virus induced problem (Rose Mosaic Virus/RMV) that affects you plant. A whitish or yellowish mosaic form, zig-zag patterns appear. This disease reduces the plants vitality and blooming but hardly ever kills the plant.

    Treatment: Sadly, this kind of infection doesn’t have any treatment. The only way to control this problem is by thorough checking before purchasing a new plant or if suspected to have an infected plant in the garden; it is advisable to remove the infected plant all together.



    Rose Mosaic

Garden of roses – Part I

Posted by Angelica on July - 25 - 2011

 

Quote of the day

“In real life, unlike in Shakespeare, the sweetness of the rose depends upon the name it bears. Things are not only what they are. They are, in very important respects, what they seem to be.”

 

Types of roses

 

Roses are most probably the prettiest flowers on earth. Commonly available in many places around the world, it comes in different sizes, colors & shapes.There are more than 11,000 species of roses available around the world. Below is a list of the most common types, distinguish them by specific characteristic such as clusters, stems, flowers, & fragrance.

 

Floribunda – A cross of hybrid teas & rosa multiflora. Flowers are medium sized & have many petals which makes the flowers look full. Flowers grow in clusters per stem and throughout the year.

 A cross of hybrid teas & rosa multiflora.

 

Hybrid teas – A cross between hybrid Perpetuals & Tea roses. These are the oldest cultivar rose & the most popular. This rose produces only one blossom at the end of the stem. These flowers are known to have variable fragrance.

 A cross between hybrid Perpetuals & Tea roses

 

Grandiflora – A cross between hybrid teas & floribunda. Bigger flowers than floribunda are clustered at the end of large stems. Have variable fragrance.

A cross between hybrid teas & floribunda

 

Miniature roses – also known as China Roses, these dwarf plants bloom tiny flowers but highly clustered and bloomed roses last a long time.

also known as China Roses

 

Shrub roses – Disease-resistance, grows in a variety of climates with a minimum of attention, little pruning required, blooms beautiful flowers, consistently over a very long season. These make great as borders and fencing.

Shrub roses

Climbing roses – Have long arching stems that follows a supporting structure. Flowers are abundant and clustered and are great as entrance trails, balcony or archway.

Climbing roses

 

Tree roses – These roses are made of hardy root stock grafted to a long stem that is, in turn, grafted to a rose bush at the top of the stem.

Tree roses

 

Ground cover roses – They mostly grow low to the ground and the newer hybrids bloom when there’s plenty sunlight available.

Ground cover roses

 

More about roses coming soon. Part 2 of this post is being prepared. Subscribe to RSS or E-mail to receive update notification.

Color your plate

Posted by Angelica on July - 12 - 2011

“Vegetables are a must on a diet. I suggest carrot cake, zucchini bread, and pumpkin pie.”

– Jim Davis

Eat a rainbow of Vegetables & Fruits

If you thought that green cabbages & purple cabbages were the same with differences only in price, you’ll probably need to think again & change your mindset completely. The vegetables & fruits you eat everyday apparently has got nothing to which family it belongs to but of the colors they are!

It has been researched and proven that vegetables & fruits of different colors have different kind of nutrients that help to protect the body against illness.

This is going to make your groceries shopping adventure more exciting that you thought it is…. J

 

Red Group
 

Antioxidants & reduce cancer risk,

Yellow/Orange

Reduce Heart Disease, cancer, good for eyes, improve immune. High in Vitamin A, C, B & folate, and beta carotene

Green

Contains chlorophyll, prevents cancer, prevent cataract/blindness in old age, reduce risk of birth defect. Rich in Vitamins

Blue/Purple

Antioxidants, protects cell from damages, reduce cancer, stroke & heart disease. Improve memory & age healthy

White/Beige

Health Promoting Chemicals, lower cholesterol & blood pressure. Reduce risk of stomach cancer. Good source of mineral & potassium

Red apples

Yellow apples

Green apples

Blackberries

Bananas

Beets

Apricots

Artichokes

Blueberries

Cauliflower

Red cabbage

Butternut squash

Asparagus

Eggplant

Garlic

Cherries

Cantaloupe

Avocados

Figs

Ginger

Cranberries

Carrots

Green beans

Juneberries

Jicamas

Pink grapefruit

Grapefruit

Broccoli

Plums

Mushrooms

Red grapes

Lemons

Brussels sprouts

Prunes

Onions

Red peppers

Mangoes

Green cabbage

Purple grapes

Parsnips

Pomegranates

Nectarines

Cucumbers

Raisins

Potatoes

Red potatoes

Oranges

Green grapes

Purple Cabbage

Turnips

Radishes

Papayas

Honeydew melon

Blackcurrants

White Peach

Raspberries

Peaches

Kiwi

Purple Figs

Pears

Rhubarb

Pears

Lettuce

Elderberries

Rambutans

Strawberries

Yellow peppers

Limes

Black Olives

Lychees

Tomatoes (best when cooked)

Persimmons

Green onions

Purple Potatoes

Watermelon

Pineapple

Peas

Purple Asparagus

Red Onions

Pumpkin

Green pepper

Purple Yam

Blood Oranges

Rutabagas

Spinach

Mangosteen

Yellow winter squash

Zucchini

Pink Dragon Fruit

Sweet corn

Green Peas

Red Plums

Sweet potatoes

Leeks

Nectarines

Tangerines

Okra

Yellow tomatoes

Butterhead

Yellow watermelon

Long Bean

 

 

 

RED VEGETABLES & FRUITS

Red Vegetables

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

YELLOW/ORANGE VEGETABLES & FRUITS

Yellow / Orange Vegetables

 

 

 

 

 

 

GREEN VEGETABLES & FRUITS

Green VegetablesGreen Vegetables

BLUE/PURPLE VEGETABLES & FRUITS

Blue / Purple Vegetables

 

 

 

 

 

 

WHITE/BEIGE VEGETABLES &

FRUITS

White / Beige Vegetable

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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